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Discovering Taps and Faucets: Exploring Different Types UK

Discovering Taps and Faucets: Exploring Different Types UK

Taps, or faucets, are those handy devices that let us turn on and control water flow in our homes. Whether in your kitchen sink, bathroom, or even outside for your garden hose, taps ensure you get the water you need for everyday tasks. They come in all shapes and sizes, and they've come a long way in terms of design and water-saving features. This quick overview will look at these everyday heroes and why they matter.

Water taps, or faucets, are essential to control water flow in various household activities such as drinking, washing, kitchen taps, and flushing. These taps are available in multiple designs and finishes, but their mechanics can be of four main types: pressure washers, ball taps, disk taps, and cartridge taps. This blog post explores these types, their benefits, and their associated common issues.


Materials Used in Water Tap Manufacturing:

The primary material used to manufacture water taps is metal, often a combination of copper, steel, and zinc. This metal alloy is for its resistance to soft-water corrosion and hard-water calcification. Some alloying elements like bismuth may be good for the mix.


Pressure Washer Taps:

Pressure washer taps are the oldest and most common type in households. These taps use a washer, a concealed nut that moves up and down against the seat to control water flow. Typically, pressure washer taps have separate hot and cold water handles. Common maintenance tasks for these taps include using tap resisters and replacing washers (rubber plugs) or O-rings (rubber sealers) when necessary.


Ball Taps:

Ball taps have a single lever handle and rounded cap. They are also known as mixer taps since they allow for the control of both hot and cold water through a single handle. The ball inside the tap rotates to align different openings, regulating the water flow. For ball taps, repair kits and individual replacement parts like the ball, O-rings, valve seals, and springs are available for maintenance and repairs.

Disk Taps:

Disk taps are a type of faucet that utilizes two ceramic disks, one stationary and one movable, to control water flow. By turning the handle, these disks align to allow water to pass through. Disk taps are known for their durability and are less prone to leaks than other tap types. Maintenance typically involves replacing damaged ceramic disks or seals when necessary.

Cartridge Taps:

Cartridge taps use a cartridge mechanism to control water flow. These taps are known for their reliability and ease of use. Maintenance usually involves replacing the cartridge if there are issues with water flow or leaks.

Exploring Types of Business Use Taps

Choosing the right tap type is essential for water conservation and hygiene in commercial and institutional settings. Various kinds of taps to meet specific needs, and in this article, we will explore three common varieties: Non-Concussive Taps, Sequential Taps, and Sensor Taps.

  1. Non-Concussive Taps:

Non-concussive taps, often called 'percussion' taps, are designed with a unique functionality. They activate when a button, or a switch, delivers water for about 10-15 seconds before automatically stopping. These taps are in settings such as schools and commercial washrooms. Their primary purpose is to conserve water and prevent the risk of flooding. Non-concussive taps strike a balance between functionality and resource conservation.

  1. Sequential Taps:

Sequential Taps are a different breed altogether. These taps feature a single switch that moves in a straight arc. Initially, this switch turns the water on, and as it progresses, it allows you to adjust the water temperature. In healthcare facilities and commercial settings, sequential taps. They offer precise control over water temperature, ensuring safety and comfort for users.

  1. Sensor Taps:

Sensor Taps, as the name implies, rely on sensors, often infrared technology, to activate the flow of water. These taps detect the presence of hands near the faucet and automatically turn on the water. The sensor technology promptly shuts off the flow of the needles. Sensor Taps are becoming increasingly popular in commercial restrooms, where hygiene and touchless operation are paramount. By eliminating the need to touch the tap, these fixtures contribute significantly to maintaining cleanliness.


Types of Valve Mechanisms Inside Taps: A Comprehensive Guide

Understanding the inner workings of taps is crucial for anyone looking to make informed choices for their plumbing fixtures. Several types of valve mechanisms are used in faucets, each with unique characteristics and applications. The post will explore these different types of valve mechanisms, shedding light on their functionalities and typical use cases.

  1. Ceramic Disc Valve Action:

Ceramic disc valve action is a common mechanism in taps, offering precise control over water flow and temperature. Typically constructed from metal, these taps have two separate handles, one for hot water and one for cold water. The operation involves a quarter-turn movement to open the tap fully. Sometimes, you may find a lever instead of handles to operate the tap, providing a sleek and modern look.

  1. Washer Valve Action:

Washer valve action is another traditional tap mechanism featuring two valves that move up and down. These valves have circular rubber washers at their base, which seal the water inlet when the valve is closed. It may take several turns to fully open or close a tap with a washer valve mechanism. This type of mechanism is known for its durability and reliability.

  1. Ceramic Disc Cartridge Action:

Ceramic disc cartridges are modern and efficient tap mechanisms. These plastic-bodied cartridges have a single lever, which turns the tap on and off and adjusts the water temperature. Lifting the lever increases the flow, while moving it left or right changes the temperature, making it convenient and user-friendly.

  1. Sequential Cartridge Action:

Sequential cartridges operate in a step-by-step fashion. When you turn the lever, water flow begins, and as you continue in the same direction, the temperature gradually increases. This cartridge type is typically in commercial or public settings, where consistent control is essential.

  1. Timer Cartridge Action:

Timer cartridges, sometimes called "non-concussive" cartridges, work by depressing or pushing them down. When released, these cartridges spring back, shutting off the water supply. They are designed for short-duration use and typically allow water to flow for 10-15 seconds before automatically closing. This mechanism is often used in public restrooms to conserve water.

Understanding the different valve mechanisms inside taps is crucial when selecting the right fixtures for your needs. Whether you prefer the precision of ceramic disc valves, the reliability of washer valves, the convenience of ceramic disc cartridges, or the control of sequential and timer cartridges, each type has its place in various plumbing applications. Choose the mechanism that suits your specific requirements to ensure a smooth and efficient water flow in your home or business.

How can a stylish tap enhance a modern bedroom's look and function?

Stylish taps can enhance the look and function of a modern bedroom in several ways:

  1. Aesthetics: Stylish taps with modern designs and elegant finishes can complement the bedroom's overall aesthetic, creating a cohesive and visually pleasing atmosphere. They can serve as focal points and add sophistication to the space.
  2. Functionality: Beyond aesthetics, taps with advanced features like touchless operation, temperature control, and water-saving capabilities improve the functionality of your bedroom. These features provide convenience and efficiency in daily tasks.

When designing your bedroom, consider the style and finish of your taps to match elements such as the ambassador bed, king-size bedbespoke bed, or panel bed. This harmonious coordination can elevate your modern bedroom's look and function.


Low Tension vs High Strain Kitchen Taps: Making the Right Choice for Your Water System

When choosing kitchen taps for your home, it's essential to consider the water pressure in your system to ensure optimal performance. Understanding the difference between low-tension and high-strain kitchen taps is crucial in making the right choice for your specific needs.

Low Tension Taps

Low-tension taps work efficiently in water systems commonly found in homes with tanks in the loft or gravity-fed water supplies. These kitchen taps are ideal for situations where water is not pumped or provided through a Combi boiler. If your water pressure ranges from 0.1 to 0.2 Bar, you're dealing with low tension.

One characteristic of low-tension kitchen taps is their more extensive internal passages, designed to enhance water flow even at low pressures. Even with minimal water pressure, you can still enjoy a satisfactory water flow when using these kitchen taps. It's worth noting that if a kitchen tap is suitable for low tension, it will perform exceptionally well when used in a high-pressure system.

High Tension Taps

On the other hand, high-tension taps are often characterized by their more compact and contemporary designs, with restricted flow rates. These kitchen taps require a high-pressure water system to deliver an adequate water flow. If a kitchen tap specifies a requirement of 1 Bar or more, it is suitable for pressurized systems such as pumped water supplies, Combi boilers, or mains pressure-fed water systems.

High-tension kitchen taps are known for their ability to provide a robust and consistent water flow, making them a preferred choice for households with high-pressure systems. Their sleek and modern aesthetics also add a touch of elegance to your kitchen decor.

Low-tension kitchen taps suit homes with low water pressure, while high-tension kitchen taps thrive in high-pressure environments. By understanding the unique characteristics of each type, you can select suitable kitchen taps to ensure optimal water flow and functionality in your kitchen.


In conclusion, taps, or faucets, play a vital role in our daily lives, providing easy access to water for various household tasks. They come in different types, materials, and valve mechanisms, catering to various preferences and needs. Each class offers advantages and maintenance requirements, from pressure washer taps to ceramic disc cartridges.

For commercial and institutional settings, choosing the right type of tap is crucial, with options like Non-Concussive Taps, Sequential Taps, and Sensor Taps addressing specific requirements such as water conservation, temperature control, and hygiene.

Understanding the inner workings of taps, including valve mechanisms like ceramic discs, washers, and cartridges, empowers consumers to make informed choices when selecting fixtures for their plumbing needs. Furthermore, when it comes to kitchen taps, the choice between low-tension and high-strain taps depends on your water system's pressure.

The proper tap selection can significantly affect the efficiency, functionality, and aesthetics of your home or business's water system. So, take the time to assess your specific requirements and choose the taps that best suit your needs, ensuring a seamless and satisfying water flow experience.


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